Stress is a fairly common mental health problem. Apparently, there is a relationship between thyroid and stress. Not only interfere with overall health, chronic stress can also interfere with the thyroid. So that the Healthy Gang knows and understands the relationship between thyroid and stress, read the explanation below, OK!
Also read: Thyroid Function Test Procedures
Thyroid and Stress Relationship
The thyroid works closely with the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands, which are above the kidneys, can handle stress at low intensity. When you are under stress, your adrenal glands produce cortisol, which affects several body functions.
The most common thyroid disorders are autoimmune diseases, in which the body attacks its own tissues. In this case, the attack is the thyroid gland. There are two types of thyroid disorders, namely Graves’ disease or Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
Graves’ disease causes the thyroid to be overactive (hyperthyroidism), while Hashimoto’s disease causes an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism). If it’s just stress, it won’t cause thyroid problems. However, stress can make the condition worse.
The impact of stress on the thyroid usually slows down the body’s metabolism. It is also a link between stress and weight gain. When thyroid function slows down due to stress, levels of the hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) also drop dramatically. This disorder causes the occurrence of higher T3 levels.
Insulin resistance and problems in the balance of blood sugar levels can also be an impact of hypothyroidism. Increased levels of glucocorticoids decrease the levels of thyroid-stimulating hormones in the blood.
So here’s the relationship between thyroid and stress. A balance between stress hormones and cortisol must be maintained for the thyroid to function properly. If this balance is broken, then thyroid symptoms will increase.
Also read: Don’t be mistaken, this is the difference between hyperthyroid and hypothyroid symptoms!
Tips to Relieve Stress
After knowing the relationship between thyroid and stress, you need to know how to relieve it, especially for those of you who have thyroid disorders.
1. Eating the Right Food
Adopting a healthy and balanced diet is important in reducing stress and its effects. In general, a balanced diet consists of eating 3 meals a day. Start your morning by eating a low-sugar breakfast, but high in protein and fiber. Cut down on alcohol, caffeine, and sugar to help maintain energy levels.
2. Take Vitamins
You may need to take vitamins and minerals that support thyroid health. Iodine deficiency can be a cause of hypothyroidism. In addition to iodine, here are important vitamins and minerals that you can consume:
- Vitamins A, B, C and E.
Consult a doctor before taking these supplements.
3. Sleep well
Having quality and sufficient sleep is indeed a bit difficult for people who have hypothyroidism. Moreover, stress also makes it more difficult to sleep at night. However, having adequate and quality sleep has a positive impact on thyroid health. Try to be disciplined with sleeping hours. Reduce the use of gadgets at night to get to sleep quickly.
Setting aside time for meditation and rest can help your body relax. Relaxation can relieve stress and its effects on the thyroid. There are many ways to relax. Choose activities that suit your taste, yes. (US)
Also read: Gangs, Know 7 Facts About Thyroid!
Healthline. Stress and Your Thyroid: What’s the Connection?. January 2019.
Official Journal of: American Thyroid Association. Mizokami T. Stress and thyroid autoimmunity. 2004.
Thyroid Research Journal. Walter KN. Elevated thyroid stimulating hormone is associated with elevated cortisol in healthy young men and women. 2012.