Marriage is actually a worship. Through marriage, two people are united in a sacred promise. However, marriage is not an easy process. It takes careful preparation to get married, including obeying the pillars of marriage for the bride and groom. So, in Islam, do you know how many pillars of marriage there are? The following article will review the pillars of marriage and the conditions for a valid marriage in Islam.
5 Pillars of Marriage and Legal Terms of Marriage in Islam
As one of the important moments in life, marriage is an event that should be carefully prepared. This includes the pillars of marriage and the conditions for a valid marriage which you can see below:
1. The first pillar of marriage is that there is a groom
In Islam, marriage is considered valid if the groom is present at the marriage ceremony. The marriage contract is the time when the bride and groom are united in the sacred vows of marriage. In this procession, the groom must be present and make his own promise.
Their presence cannot be represented by parents or guardians of marriage. This is because this is related to the responsibility of the groom for the bride from her parents.
2. The Next Rukung Marriage Is There is a Bride
In addition to the groom who must be present at the place, in Islam whether a marriage is legal or not, it also depends on the presence of the bride. In addition, it is unlawful if the bride has blood ties, a milk relationship, or in-laws relationship with the prospective groom.
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3. One of the conditions for a valid marriage is that there is a guardian for women
Basically, the marriage guardian is the parents or family member of the bride. They include fathers, grandfathers, or brothers from the father’s lineage.
The order of marriage guardians includes the father, grandfather or father of the father, biological brother, father’s brother, children of biological brothers or father’s children, namely nephews, uncles or children of uncles, namely cousins.
4. In the Pillars of Islamic Marriage, there must also be witnesses to the marriage of 2 men
In addition to marriage guardians, in the pillars of marriage, it is also noted that there are 2 men as marriage witnesses. Men who will be witnesses to marriage have the requirements that they are Muslim, mature, intelligent, independent, male, and fair.
These two marriage witnesses can be presented by family, neighbors, or people who can be trusted to be witnesses. Marriage will not be valid in the eyes of state and religious law if the marriage guardian and witnesses are not present at the marriage contract.
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5. Ijab Kabul, Pillars of Marriage that Can’t be Missed
Marriage vows in Islam are referred to as Ijab and Kabul. Ijab Kabul is a sacred promise from the bride and groom to Allah SWT in the presence of the head, guardian, and witness to the marriage. As soon as the sentence, “I accept the marriage” has been uttered and the two witnesses agreed to the pronunciation of the consent and qabul, at that moment two people became legal as a husband and wife.
5 Legal Requirements for Marriage in Islam that Must Be Obeyed
The points above are provisions that cannot be contested so that both prospective brides and grooms need to prepare them well. In addition to the pillars of marriage, there are still legal requirements for marriage in Islam. Here’s the order:
1. Men and Women Are Muslim
According to Islamic law, men and women who want to marry must be Muslim. Marriages carried out using the Ijab and Kabul procedures in Islam cannot be said to be valid if one of them is not Muslim.
2. A man is not someone who is a mahram for a prospective wife
When going to marry a woman, it is necessary to make sure that the prospective wife is not a blood relative or sibling. It should be noted that men and women who are about to marry may not have blood ties or the term mahrom. Therefore, tracing family history is important to do because it is part of the conditions of Islamic marriage.
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3. The origins of the guardian of marriage are clear
When choosing a guardian, a man who wants to get married needs to know clearly the origin of the prospective wife. If the father of the woman has died, the guardian of the marriage can be represented by his grandfather or biological brother. In Islam, this is called the guardian of the marriage judge. However, its origins should be clear.
4. Not Performing Hajj
Men and women are not allowed to marry while performing the pilgrimage because Hajj is an act of worship in which everything is multiplied.
5. No Coercion
Most importantly, get married without any coercion from anyone. Marriage must be based on the sincerity and sincere intention of the bride and groom to live life together.
Now, ParentsThese are the pillars of marriage and the legal requirements for marriage for those of you who are Muslim. Hopefully the above information can help you prepare your wedding plans.