10 Cholesterol Medications That Are Effective And Can Be Obtained In Pharmacies

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10 Effective Cholesterol Lowering Drugs Available at Pharmacies


Are you looking for cholesterol drugs? Do you want cholesterol drugs at pharmacies or natural cholesterol drugs?

The results of the 2013 Basic Health Research show that 7 out of 10 Indonesian adults have high cholesterol levels. This is certainly dangerous. The reason is, high cholesterol is the root cause of heart attacks and strokes. Even so, this can certainly be overcome. In fact, you can get effective cholesterol-lowering drugs and are sold in pharmacies, really.

Meanwhile, the condition of high cholesterol itself does not cause any symptoms and is usually discovered by chance from the results medical check-up routine. Most people who experience it, will immediately ask about cholesterol-lowering drugs. Check out the following information for a complete explanation of the types of cholesterol drugs in pharmacies that are effective and easy to obtain or natural cholesterol drugs in the form of food intake.

Related article: Cefadroxil Drug – Benefits, Dosage, and Side Effects

Normal Cholesterol Levels

Cholesterol is a fatty component of blood that has a waxy texture. In normal levels, cholesterol is needed by the body to build healthy body cells, including brain cells. However, if the levels are excessive, it can increase the risk of heart and blood vessel disease.

Simply put, you know the good HDL cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein) and bad LDL cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein). Knowing LDL and HDL cholesterol levels is much more important than total cholesterol levels. Both are important predictors of risk for heart and blood vessel disease, particularly LDL cholesterol.

Examination of the blood lipid panel usually also includes triglycerides, which are blood fats that come from the breakdown of carbohydrates. The ideal blood lipid panel values ​​are as follows:

  • Total cholesterol <200 mg/dL
  • LDL Cholesterol <100 mg/dL

<70 mg/dL if you have diabetes, heart disease or stroke

  • HDL Cholesterol >40 mg/dL in men

>50 mg/dL in women

To overcome high cholesterol, lifestyle changes are needed, such as eating a balanced nutritious diet, reducing consumption of food sources of cholesterol and saturated fatty acids, and exercising regularly. However, lifestyle changes alone are often not enough. Cholesterol-lowering drugs are needed to lower LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels, and increase protective HDL cholesterol levels.

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Various Kinds of Cholesterol Drugs in Pharmacies

There are various drugs used to treat high cholesterol. Some of them can be purchased over the counter at pharmacies and some require a doctor’s prescription. The drugs below are generally easy to find in pharmacies.

1. Statins

cholesterol medicine

Statin drugs are the gold standard for treating high cholesterol. This drug works as an inhibitor of the HMG-CoA reductase enzyme in the liver to prevent the formation of cholesterol. Consequently, the amount of cholesterol circulating in the blood will be reduced.

Statins are most effective for lowering LDL cholesterol levels. This drug is also able to lower triglyceride levels and increase HDL cholesterol levels, although not much.

Most of the side effects are mild and will go away on their own. The side effects that are most wary of are muscle disorders and liver function abnormalities are very rare. However, the use of statins should be avoided in pregnant women and individuals with acute or chronic liver disease.

Examples of statin drugs are: simvastatin, atorvastatin, lovastatin, pravastatin, rosuvastatin, fluvastatin.

2. Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitor

cholesterol medicine

There is only one type of drug from this group, namely: ezetimibe. It works by inhibiting the absorption of cholesterol in the intestines from food. This drug primarily lowers LDL cholesterol levels, but has a moderate effect on triglyceride and HDL levels.

Use ezetimibe often in combination with statins. The main side effects are abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue, and joint pain.

3. Bile acid sequestrants or Resin

10 Effective Cholesterol Lowering Drugs Available at Pharmacies

This class of drugs helps the body excrete cholesterol by binding to bile acids in the intestines so they are not absorbed by the body. Bile acids are needed to digest food. When this acid is not present in sufficient levels, the body will use excess LDL cholesterol to form bile acids.

This drug is able to reduce LDL cholesterol by 15-30%, slightly increase HDL by about 3-5%, and has no effect on triglyceride levels.

Same as ezetimibe, This drug is often dicombstatin. The main side effects are digestive disorders such as constipation, bloating and flatulence.

Examples of resin class drugs are: cholestyramine, colestipol, cosevelam hcl.

4. PCSK9 . inhibitor

cholesterol medicine

Drugs of this class are widely used to treat high cholesterol due to genetic disorders and lower LDL cholesterol levels further in individuals with heart attacks or strokes.

Until now, there are only two types of PCSK9 inhibitor drugs, namely: alirocumab and evolocumab. Both are injectable drugs. The main side effects are reactions due to injections, flu-like symptoms and allergic reactions.

5. Fibrates

10 Effective Cholesterol Lowering Drugs Available at Pharmacies

This class of drugs is very effective in lowering triglycerides. However, it has little effect in lowering LDL cholesterol levels or increasing HDL cholesterol levels. Its use with statins can increase the risk of muscle disorders.

Examples of fibrates are: gemfibrozil, fenofibrate, clofibrate.

6. Niacin or Nicotinic Acid

10 Effective Cholesterol Lowering Drugs Available at Pharmacies

Niacin inhibits the production of blood fats in the liver. Its main effect is to lower triglyceride levels. Niacin also has little effect in lowering LDL cholesterol levels.

This drug is available in the form of supplements and prescription drugs. However, avoid substituting supplement products for prescription drug products because the ingredients are different. Niacin in the form of prescription drugs has been formulated in such a way as to reduce side effects such as: flush (redness of the skin), abdominal pain, and itching.

7. Omega-3 Fatty Acid Ethyl Esters

10 Effective Cholesterol Lowering Drugs Available at Pharmacies

This is fish oil that has been purified and chemically altered. Usually, it is used to help lower triglyceride levels above 200 mg/dL along with improving diet. These types of omega-3 fatty acids can be found in over-the-counter supplements and as prescription drugs that contain pure and concentrated ingredients.

8. Fish Oil

cholesterol medicine

Fish oil or omega-3 fatty acids derived from marine fish are used in high doses (2-4 grams per day) to lower triglyceride levels. However, its use in high doses should be under the supervision of a doctor. The risk of side effects can be serious, such as an increased risk of bleeding, hemorrhagic stroke and decreased blood sugar control in individuals with diabetes.

9. Nocotinic acids (NA)

One of the cholesterol drugs that can be used because this drug works in the liver to affect the production of fat in the blood.

Where NA can be used to help lower triglycerides, LDL, and at the same time raise HDL. The decrease in LDL can reach 15-30 percent and the increase in HLD can reach 10-15 percent

10. Cholesterol Medication Probucol

Probucol is one of the over-the-counter cholesterol medications that can help reduce blood cholesterol levels, which may help prevent medical disorders caused by cholesterol blocking blood vessels. However, probucol is only valid with a doctor’s prescription.

This drug can be used as an LDL cholesterol-lowering drug. However, this drug can also lower HDL.

Related article: Ambroxol – Benefits, Dosages, and Side Effects

Is There a Best Cholesterol Medication?

10 Effective Cholesterol Lowering Drugs Available at Pharmacies

In the vast majority of cases of high cholesterol, statins are the drug of choice for cholesterol at the pharmacy. Many studies have found an association of statins with a reduced risk of heart attack and stroke. However, the doctor will still look at your overall condition and determine the most suitable drug.

Once treatment is started, cholesterol levels need to be monitored regularly. It may be necessary to adjust the dose, change the type of medication taken, or in combination with other drugs to lower cholesterol levels to normal levels.

In principle, discuss with your doctor, how to lower cholesterol levels is best for you. If cholesterol medication is needed, take it regularly according to the doctor’s directions for optimal effect. Also remember to change your lifestyle to be healthier.

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