Previously, retinol was known to be effective in dealing with signs of aging, but it turns out that there is something more powerful than it. Its name is retinal, which is predicted to be eleven times more effective than retinol in repairing skin tissue at night, producing collagen and making skin glow. Come on, find out more about retinal and retinol below!
Retinal and Retinol, Which is More Powerful Against Aging?
Benefits of Vitamin A for Skin
Before finding out whether retinal or retinol is more effective in fighting aging, let’s first trace the ‘ancestor’ of these two compounds, namely vitamin A.
As you know, vitamin A has long been proven to be effective in antiaging. The molecules contained in it are able to coat the skin, increase collagen production, reduce blemishes, fade fine lines and wrinkles and brighten the skin.
Vitamin A has many molecular derivatives, where the benefits on the skin are also more or less the same. Two of them are retinal and retinol, where the similarity of names is often confused. In addition to these two molecules, there are also retinoids and Retin-A. In fact, what sets them all apart?
Although related to each other, all these materials turned out to have big differences. By studying them one by one, it will help you in choosing the best product for your skin.
What Are Retinoids?
Retinoids are a term used to describe a group of compounds derived from vitamin A. You could say these retinoids are the ‘beloved’ of the skin care world because of their superiority in doing many things to the skin. When retinoids are used regularly, your skin tone will feel firmer, the texture smoother, and your skin brighter overall.
Retinoids can also increase collagen production, and some evidence suggests that these compounds can increase elastin production as well. So it is appropriate if retinoids are staying as the most powerful antiaging.
Another advantage of retinoids is that they speed up the rate of cell turnover and help open up pores, perfect for helping with your acne.
But to get optimal results from this product, you are also required to use sunscreen in the morning. Retinoids can make the skin more susceptible to sunburn, due to the presence of new skin cells on the surface of your skin. To protect your skin, use a retinoid at night and apply a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or more in the morning.
Another side effect you may feel is irritation. To help your skin adapt, use a retinol product 2-3 times a week at first.
Description of Retin-A
Different again with retin-A. Launch Very Well Health, retin-A is the brand name for the drug tretinoin and a synthetic form of vitamin A. Unlike retinol, retin-A is a prescription drug that is usually used to treat inflammatory acne and blackheads, it can also be used to treat fine lines and wrinkles, brighten the skin , and fade hyperpigmentation (dark marks from acne or sun damage).
Tretinoin is retinoic acid that acts faster and is stronger than retinol products. You can already see changes in the skin after 6-8 weeks of use.
The side effects that are often felt by users are dry skin, redness, burning, and peeling.
What is Retinol
Retinol is a natural form of vitamin A that is also found in many skin care and beauty products. The effectiveness of retinol does not affect the skin directly.
When applied to the surface of the skin, enzymes in the skin must first convert retinol into retinoic acid for the results to be more effective. So you can’t feel the benefits instantly, where the conversion process can take a long time.
How much retinoic acid can be produced also depends on many things, including the amount in the product you are using, as well as degradation issues (the age of the product or how long it has been used after the product has been opened). All of these factors make retinol work more slowly – the results can only be felt in six months or so, obviously Very Well Health.
Some people who have used products containing retinol have experienced side effects such as redness or dry skin, but the effects are usually very mild.
The difference between retinal and retinol
Just like retinol, which was known earlier, retinal is also a derivative of retinoid that stimulates the metabolism of skin cells, promotes collagen production, helps remove wrinkles, and brightens and tightens the skin.
Skin Wellness explained that retinal works more strongly than retinol. Lately this compound is widely promoted in beauty products, especially those related to anti-aging. Many people are also fooled and think that retinal is another name for retinol. In fact, both of them, although the benefits are more or less the same, have different ways of working.
“The benefits of retinol and retinal are almost the same, but it’s more about the speed at which each product works that’s the difference,” says Megan Felton, skin care consultant. Lion/ne launch The Byrdie.
Mark Curry, co-founder The Inkey List also adds, “In short, retinal works faster; however, it can be very harsh and risk causing inflammation because it works harder than retinol which works slowly over time.”
Although it works more slowly, for certain skin types, retinol can still cause sensitivity.
Retinal Works 11 Times Faster Than Retinol
How fast does retinal actually work compared to the other vitamin A compounds mentioned above? Medic8 say, retinal works 11 times faster than retanol!
Remarkably, retinal is the only retinoid that exhibits direct antibacterial properties. This makes it perfect for those who are prone to blemishes. With continued use, it reduces the bacteria responsible for acne to leave skin looking clean, radiant and youthful.
according to Medic8, exfoliation rates with retinal are also much higher than with retinol, and contribute to an even, radiant skin tone.
The above concept may be ideal on mature skin to reduce fine lines and wrinkles quickly. However, for people who have serious facial skin problems and need extreme care, it is recommended to use a slower treatment method such as ethanol.
Oh yes, skin type also certainly affects the results of beauty products.
Tips to Avoid Retinal and Retinol Side Effects
When you first apply it to the skin, there is still a chance that your face will experience minor irritation. But this effect is only temporary, and usually occurs when vitamin A is introduced too quickly or in too much quantity.
To anticipate these problems, there are some tips you can do:
- Introduce this retinal or retinol into your facial routine gradually. Start with a low percentage. For example, use it twice a week for the first 2 weeks, then apply it every night the following week. After the skin tolerates, you can apply the product as suggested on the packaging.
- Do not use it in the eyes or the surrounding area, this is because the skin around the eyes is very delicate and prone to sensitivity. If you want to use it in the eye area, use retinal and retinol products that are specifically formulated for the eyes.
Technically, the texture of retinol is softer than retinal. But in its development, encapsulation techniques allow formulators to make retinal products as good as retinol.
Choose Retinal or Retinol?
Retinal and reethanol have the same benefits. Namely:
- Accelerate cell regeneration
- Producing collagen to plump skin while reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
- Helps inhibit excess melanin production to promote brighter and more even skin.
- Effectively exfoliates dead skin.
So, which one to choose, a product containing retinal or retinol? All depends on your goals. If you want to give your skin a little boost, prevent some of the signs of aging, and don’t have major issues to deal with, retinol is the most practical option. Meanwhile, if you want optimal results in a short time, just retinal.
For issues like acne, blackheads, pigmentation problems and deeper lines and wrinkles, Retin-A is the answer. But remember, to get a prescription for this product you must consult a doctor first, yes.
Now you know better what retinal and retinol are and their effectiveness. So, don’t be confused anymore, choose between the two.