Want to plant something that doesn’t require a large area but produces a lot? How about farming oyster needles. Besides being able to be enjoyed alone, aka consumed for the family, cultivating oyster mushrooms can also be used as a business to earn income.
Oyster mushrooms are suitable to be planted in tropical climates, such as Indonesia. In addition, oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus Ostreatus) is one of the most popular types of mushrooms. So your oyster mushrooms are guaranteed to sell well.
Curious about how to cultivate oyster mushrooms yourself at home? Find out by reading this article to the end, yes.
How to Cultivate Oyster Mushrooms at Home
Here are the steps for oyster mushroom cultivation that can be done in the environment where we live. The cultivation method includes selecting oyster mushroom seeds, planting, caring, and harvesting. Let’s look at the steps one by one carefully.
1. How to Cultivate Your Own Oyster Mushroom: Choose Superior Seeds
The first thing to consider is the selection of seeds. Many people fail to try to grow these mushrooms at home because they choose the wrong seeds. Buy and choose seeds directly from experienced oyster mushroom farmers.
Here are some characteristics of oyster mushroom seeds. That is P. Djamor (reddish purple), P. Pulmonarius (greyish white), P. Sajor-Caju (gray), Pleurotus Floridae (pure white), P. Eryngii (bluish), P. Euosmus (tanned), P. Flabellatus (pink), P. Ostreatus (white, yellowish white), P. Cystidious (white, reddish), P. Citrinopileatus (golden yellow).
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2. How to Cultivate Your Own Oyster Mushroom: Prepare Kumbung
What is kumbung? Kumbung is a mushroom house, Mother. Kumbung is made of bamboo or wood which is useful as a treatment medium baglog (medium where the fungus grows) and grow mushrooms. While the walls of the kumbung are made of gedek or plank and the roof of the kumbung can be made of tile or shingle.
The mushroom house is built like a shelf in the form of a lattice made of terraces, and the baglog will be arranged in it. Then the rack frame made of bamboo or wood will be placed in a row between the shelves with each other.
The height of the space between the shelves is not less than 40 cm, the width of the shelves is 40 cm, and the length of each shelf is 1 meter. Later shelves can be made as much as 2-3 levels. If the size is so, then this rack segment can load 70-80 baglog.
3. Pay Attention to Planting Media
After the kumbung is finished, it is time to make the planting medium. Actually the biggest challenge here is to make baglog. Baglog itself is made from a mixture of rice bran, corn flour, grajen (sawdust), and lime. Later, mushroom seeds are implanted into it and mushrooms grow there.
These three mixtures must be made in the right amount. That is, if grajen is 10 kg, then bran is 20 kg, corn flour is 200 grams, building lime is 200 grams. Then stir until well mixed, and add water about 60%-70% of the weight of the mixture. If your dough is gripping and clenching, it’s a good sign. After that cover with tarpaulin or plastic and let stand for 1-2 days.
Now it’s time to put the dough into the plastic packaging. Use heat-resistant plastic (PP plastic) measuring about 18×30, 18×35, 20×30, or 20×35. Tighten the dough. Remember, the denser the better, yes. Mother.
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4. Pay attention to the Baglog Fermentation and Sterilization Process
venny.suryanto-Oyster Mushroom, by venny-Oyster Mushroom Cultivation in West Sumatra
The fermentation process is needed as an effort to weather the media and the process of killing bad fungi that can interfere with oyster mushrooms later. The fermentation process takes about 6-7 days, and in this process the media will experience an increase in temperature of about 60-70 degrees Celsius. In order to ferment evenly, back and forth the packaging. The sign that the baglog is ready is when the color is dark brown.
This sterilization process is enough to use several steamer drums, stoves, and water. Punch a hole in the bottom of the drum to attach a hose in between. If you have, put water into the first drum about a height of 30-50 cm, then close the lid. Raise the drum on the stove and heat the water to 90 degrees Celsius. Put the baglog package into the second furnace. Later the money from the first drum will flow to the second drum.
5. Inoculation of Oyster Mushroom Baglog
The next process is inoculation, which is the process of planting oyster mushroom seeds into baglog. The inoculation stage requires concentration and precision. If it goes wrong, oyster mushrooms can be contaminated and not grow. Come on, pay attention to the following method so as not to be wrong.
- Take baglog that is sterile and cold.
- Prepare a special room that is clean and sterile from pollution for the inoculation room.
- Prepare alcohol, spoon, and oyster mushroom seeds
- Close the room door, then spray alcohol to sterilize the room and spoon.
- Open the lid of the baglog to taste, put the mushroom seeds into it about 10 grams each using a spoon.
- Do not reuse mushroom seeds that are scattered on the floor.
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6. Incubation Process
Now is the time for the incubation process, namely the process of growing mushroom seeds in baglog. The incubation process must be in a room with a temperature of 23-28 degrees Celsius, humidity of 90-100 percent, and a light intensity of 500-1,000 lux.
This incubation process can take about 15-30 days, depending on room conditions. And if the mycelium has grown to about half of the baglog, you can move the baglog into the mushroom kumbung.
That is how to make a mushroom baglog, indeed how to make a mushroom baglog is not as easy as imagined. So it is necessary to have direct training to the experts so that you can understand the steps and also matters related to the mushroom baglog.
7. Harvest, Come on!
What you need to pay attention to, don’t ever harvest mushrooms with your bare hands, because it can cause injuries or make the mushrooms rot. Use a sharp knife.
How: Cut the base of the stem, put it in a basket, and immediately remove it from the breeding room. Then immediately close the door of the kumbung tightly and do not allow light to enter so that the place where the fungus grows is not disturbed.
For the packaging of the product you want to sell, choose transparent plastic packaging that does not allow air to enter and create gas.
That’s the Mother of how to cultivate oyster mushrooms at home that you can follow. Good luck, yes, Mother!