Plant Cells – Parts, Structure, and Functions

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Who among Parents whose children really like Natural Science or Science? To spend time studying with your little one at home, there’s nothing wrong with asking him to get to know plant cells. The reason is, material about plant anatomy is the basic thing that children need to learn.

Furthermore, launching various sources, let’s just take a look at the reviews about plant cells, their types, structures, and their respective functions as follows!

Related article: Learning Series with Your Little One: Getting to Know Meteoroids, How is it Different from Meteors?

Plant Cells – Types, Structure, and Functions

Just like other living things, plants also have cells that make them into an organism.

Citing page Smart ClassThe theory of the plant cell itself was first discovered in 1665 by an English scientist Robert Hook.

Some organisms or living things are made of a single cell, some are made up of many cells. Well, plants are also animals, are one part of organisms that have eukaryotic cells or also known as Eukaryotes.

Get to know plant cells and their structure and function, your little one already knows?

Eukaryotic cells are a group of cells that have genetic material (DNA) covered by a membrane. For plants themselves, the cell structure tends to be typical of other eukaryotic cells such as those of animals.

Citing page Education TeacherHere’s a complete table of the differences between animal and plant cells:

Plant Cell Animal Cell
Has a cell wall Does not have a cell wall
Has a large vacuole Has a small vacuole
Have plastids (chloroplasts, chromoplasts, and leucoplasts) Has no plastids
Does not have centrioles Have centrioles

Plant Cell Structure and Function

In detail, in order to understand the structure of the cells that make up plants, the following is an explanation of the various structures and their functions that we have summarized from various sources:

1. Cell Wall

plant cell

This part is also called the wall or the outermost layer of the cell membrane that surrounds certain types of cells. In addition, the cell wall also acts as a hormone in plants.

The function of the cell wall itself is to maintain turgor pressure and give shape to the cell. The cell wall is rigid, this is what will help the plant stand upright and prevent pathogens from entering it.

2. Cell Membrane

Get to know plant cells and their structure and function, your little one already knows?

The cell membrane or plasma membrane is the part whose function is to protect the cell nucleus. It is in charge of regulating the entry and exit of molecules, as well as receiving stimuli from outside the cell.

3. Nucleus (Cell Nucleus)

plant cell

As the name implies, the nucleus or cell nucleus is the most important part in a plant cell. This cell structure is the main place for the cell to store the chromosomes or genetic components of a particular cell.

You could say, the cell nucleus also serves as a coordinator in metabolic processes such as the process of division, growth, or protein synthesis in cells.

4. Cytoplasm

Get to know plant cells and their structure and function, your little one already knows?

It is the liquid part of the cell. It functions as a solvent for chemical substances and is a means for chemical reactions to occur in cells. Around the cytoplasm is also known that there are living cell organelles. Cytoplasm is what protects and gives shape to these cell organelles.

5. Plastids (Chloropas)

plant cell

Is the name of one of the organelles of living cells, which function to carry pigment. Well, with the presence of plastids (chloroplasts) in cells that contain chlorophyll, most plants have a green pigment. Not only pigments, chloroplasts also function to help plants to be able to undergo the process of photosynthesis.

6. Ribosomes

plant cell

These are small granular cell organelles called nucleoproteins that are also present in the cytoplasm. This part of the cell consists of large and small subunits, each containing ribosomal RNA, RNAr, and proteins in it. The function of the ribosome is to produce and synthesize protein substances in the cell.

7. Mitochondria

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Apart from ribosomes, another organelle in the cytoplasm is mitochondria. This is a large organelle that is spherical in shape and functions to break down complex carbohydrates and sugars that are utilized. In this organelle, there are also certain enzymes that function as energy supplies for the plant cell as a whole.

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8. Endoplasmic Reticulum

Get to know plant cells and their structure and function, your little one already knows?

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an organelle that is the link between this cell and the cytoplasm. There are two kinds of ER, namely rough ER and smooth ER. The function of the ER is as a synthetic transporter of fats and steroids, a place for phospholipids, steroids, glycolipids, and carry out the detoxification of drugs and toxins.

9. Peroxisomes

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Is a cytoplasmic organelle that contains certain orchidative enzymes. These enzymes are then used in the breakdown of fatty acid metabolism into simple sugars. It serves to assist the chloroplast in the process of fororespiration.

10. Golgi body

Get to know plant cells and their structure and function, your little one already knows?

The Golgi apparatus or Golgi body consists of a collection of flattened vesicles that have a coiled shape or flattened pouch. In plants, these golgi bodies are referred to as dictyosomes and are located near the cell membrane.

The function of the Golgi body itself is to lift chemical substances in and out of the cell, after the Endoplasmic Reticulum or ER synthesizes proteins and fats.

11. Vacuole

Get to know plant cells and their structure and function, your little one already knows? Photo: Education Teacher

The vacuole is a storage membrane that helps in regulating the turgor pressure of the plant cell. In plants, usually more than one vacuole is found. It functions as the excretion of waste products and the intracellular digestion of complex molecules.

Related article: Knowing the Food Chain and Examples, Teach Little Parents!

That’s a review related to plant cells that can Parents make it a material for learning with your little one. Hope it is useful!

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Read also:

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en.theasianparent.com/number-cacah

en.theasianparent.com/the-world’s oldest-animal

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