What is the difference between Tampek in Toddlers and Measles?

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Apa Bedanya Tampek pada Balita dengan Campak?


Have you ever found your little one’s skin with a red rash accompanied by a fever? Wow..you have to see it. Maybe the parents at home immediately sentenced the child to be tampek. Is measles in toddlers different from measles?

However, there is Mums, a disease in children which is also marked by a red rash on the skin accompanied by fever, but not measles. Let’s recognize the symptoms of this measles-like disease!

Also read: What to Do If Pregnant Women Get Measles?

Tampek in Toddlers Is the Same as Measles?

Measles or measles often referred to as tampek in some areas. So in general, they both refer to the same disease. Measles, also known as morbili, is a contagious or infectious disease caused by a virus. This disease can be prevented by vaccination.

The disease that most closely resembles measles in toddlers or measles is roseola fever. Roseola and measles are two different diseases characterized by high fever and rash. Both are most commonly seen in toddlers, although measles can affect people of all ages. While roseola in adults is very rare.

While the two diseases have something in common, there are factors that differentiate, such as how symptoms appear and how the disease progresses.

Roseola

Roseola, also known as roseola infantum or exanthema subitum, is a viral infection that usually affects children. The cause is the Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) or human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7).

This disease is spread through airborne droplets containing the virus and inhaled or through surfaces exposed to the virus. Roseola usually appears in children between the ages of 6-12 months. Children with this disease develop a high fever, followed by a pink or red rash.

Roseola is a self-limiting viral disease, which means it usually goes away without treatment. Doctors usually advise to rest your little one and give breast milk as often as possible, unless the child’s fever is very high and even has seizures.

Measles or Measles

Measles is a highly contagious disease. In 2018, outbreaks occurred in several countries and caused the deaths of more than 140,000 people and the majority were children under 5 years old.

The virus that causes measles is a virus from the family Paramyxoviridae which is transmitted by direct contact and the air. Common symptoms of measles are high fever and rash. However, measles carries a more severe risk of complications in children under 5 years of age.

Also read: Recognize Measles, From Symptoms to Causes

Differences in the appearance of rashes in roseola and measles

Although the red bumps on the skin in roseola and measles may look similar, the roseola rash is usually more pinkish, whereas the measles rash is darker red or even brown.

The roseola rash usually starts on the trunk and then spreads, while the measles rash starts on the face and moves down the body. Children with roseola usually appear healthy, whereas those with measles usually appear very unwell.

In addition, the rash on roseola will appear as soon as the fever ends. The fever itself will last about 3–5 days, and, as it subsides, the child will develop small pink spots and rashes, only about 2–5 millimeters in size. Occasionally, a pale halo will appear around this area. The rash usually goes away after 1-2 days.

As with roseola, the measles rash appears approximately 3-5 days after symptoms begin. However, in the case of measles, the symptoms of fever do not subside and instead accompany the rash.

Although the measles rash is usually not itchy, it consists of red spots of unequal size, starting on the face and then spreading down the neck, trunk, hands, and feet. Another characteristic of measles is that the fever disappears when the rash stops spreading.

Also read: Types of Diseases That Can Be Prevented by MMR Vaccination

Accompanying Symptoms

Children with roseola may also experience: high fever that may be as high as 40 degrees Celsius, conjunctivitis, swelling around the eyes, fussiness, loss of appetite, diarrhea, cough, and swollen lymph nodes. Roseola tends not to have many complications. However, about 15% of children with roseola have seizures due to a high fever.

People with measles will also experience cough, conjunctivitis, and a runny nose along with a rash and fever. Some children will experience Koplik spots 2-3 days after symptoms begin. Koplik’s spots are small white spots that appear in the mouth.

Measles can be fatal in some cases. Complications of measles can include blindness, swelling of the brain, severe diarrhea and dehydration, ear infections, and pneumonia.

When to go to the doctor?

Roseola usually heals relatively quickly. Fever lasts 3-5 days, followed by a rash. The rash lasts about 2 days, and after that your little one will get better. Be alert if symptoms persist for up to 2 weeks, because of the possibility of measles. However, uncomplicated measles usually clears up a week after the rash appears.

Mums can relieve the symptoms of roseola and measles by making your little one rest, getting enough food and fluids, and giving a fever reliever. It is better to immediately see a doctor as soon as symptoms of a rash appear to find out the exact cause. Especially if you have a high fever or rash.

Measles can be prevented with the measles vaccine and the MR vaccine. Vaccination must be done according to the schedule determined by the doctor.

Also read: Available again in Indonesia, these are 7 important facts about the MMR vaccine!

Reference:

Medicalnewstoday.com. How to tell the difference between roseola and measles rash

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