The tasks and objectives of the BPUPKI (Investigating Agency for Preparatory Work for Indonesian Independence) organization must be known because it has a very important role for the independence of the Republic of Indonesia (RI).
Broadly speaking, the tasks and objectives of BPUPKI were supported by the Japanese government, which at that time was colonizing and had political interests in Indonesia.
The country nicknamed Neger is a colony that does not fully achieve independence. Because, in fact, Japan did not immediately let Indonesia go.
Reported by the Kemendikbud.go.id page, in fact at the end of 1944 Japan’s condition was pressed in the Greater East Asia war. Japan, which continues to be bombarded by allied attacks, is on the verge of defeat.
Finally, on March 1, 1945, Lieutenant General Kumakici Harada, the leader of the Japanese occupation government in Java, announced the formation of BPUPKI with 60 members. The agency was formed with the aim of investigating important matters concerning the establishment of an independent Indonesian state.
BPUPKI management was then announced on April 29, 1945, with the chairman of Doctor KRT Radjiman Wediodiningrat. The first young chairman was Shucokan Cirebon, Icibangase. The head of the Secretariat is RP Suroso assisted by Toyohito Masuda and Mr. AG Pringgodigdo.
In carrying out secretarial duties, RP. Suroro was assisted by Toyohito Masuda and AG. Pringgodigo which was later ratified by BPUPKI on May 28, 1945 with the hoisting of the Hinomaru flag followed by the Red and White flag. Since then, the song Indonesia Raya is allowed to be sung to accompany the raising of the Red and White.
In carrying out its duties, BPUPKI has held two sessions, namely on 29 May-1 June and 10 July-17 July 1945.
The following are the duties and objectives of BPUPKI, complete with the member figures involved:
The purpose of the BPUPKI being formed is to study, explore, and investigate the basic forms that are suitable for the interests of the post-independence Indonesian state government system. In summary, the purpose of BPUPKI is to prepare for the process of Indonesian independence.
But from the Japanese side, BPUPKI is a sweet promise to attract the hearts of the Indonesian people to help Japan in the war against the allies. Japan formed BPUPKI in order to seem to give the promise of independence to the Indonesian people.
Meanwhile, citing the book Social Sciences by Sugiharsono et al, the purpose of establishing BPUPKI is to attract the sympathy of the Indonesian people to continue to support Japan. Because, at that time Japan was in a state of threat against the allies.
In addition, BPUPKI was formed with the aim of studying and investigating matters relating to the formation of the Indonesian state. Later, when Indonesia becomes independent, it must have a state foundation. Therefore, BPUPKI exists to formulate the basis of the state.
The main task of BPUPKI
The task of BPUPKI is to study and investigate matters relating to the political, economic, governance and other aspects needed in the effort to achieve Indonesian independence.
In addition to the main tasks, BPUPKI also carries out the following tasks:
- Discussing the Basics of the State
- After the first trial, BPUPKI formed a recess for one month
- Assigned to form a Small Committee or Committee of Eight in charge of accommodating suggestions and conceptions from members
- In charge of helping the nine committee together with the small committee
- The committee of nine produced the Jakarta Charter
The first BPUPKI session was held on 29 May – 1 June 1945. Then, the second BPUPKI session was held on 10-17 July 1945 with the aim of discussing the plan for the constitution.
The session included the opening by the Constitution Drafting Committee chaired by Soekarno.
The second session of BPUPKI resulted in a number of quite important points, including the change of editors in the constitution.
- Basic Law Plan for an Independent Indonesia
- Decided the Jakarta Charter to be the preamble to the Basic Law. Then, the preamble to the Basic Law was taken from
- Jakarta Charter with some changes.
- The Basic Law phrase in the fourth paragraph is replaced with the Constitution.
- The sentence ‘..based on divinity, with the obligation to carry out Islamic law for its adherents according to a just and civilized humanity,’ was replaced with the sentence ‘based on the One Godhead, just and civilized humanity.’
- Then between the ‘Delegation of representatives’ in the Constitution is added a slash.
List of BPUPKI member figures
BPUPKI is led by KRT Radjiman Wedyodiningrat with Ichibangase Yosio and Raden Pandji Soeroso as vice chairmen.
The members consist of a number of figures who played an important role in the struggle for independence, namely:
- Mohammad Hatta
- Ki Hajar Dewantara
- Raden Suleiman Effendi Kusumaatmaja
- Samsi Sastrawidagda
- Sukiman Wiryosanjoyo
- Kanjeng Raden Mas Hario Sosrodiningrat
- KH A Ahmad Sanusi
- KH Wahid Hasyim
- H Agus Salim
- Raden Ashar Sutejo Munandar
- Abdul Kahar Muzaki
- Raden Mas Panji Surahman Cokroadisuryo
- Raden Ruseno Suryohadikusumo
- KH Abdul Halim Majalengka (Muhammad Syatari)
- KRMT Ario Wuryaningrat
- Ki Bagus Hadikusumo
- KH Mas Mansoer
- KH Masjkur
- Agus Mohsin Dasaad
- Liem Koen Hian
- Mr Ari
- Mas Sutarjo Kartohadikusumo
- AA Maramis
- Kanjeng Raden Mas Tumenggung Wongsonagoro
- Mas Susanto Tirtoprojo
- Mohammad Yamin
- Raden Ahmad Subarjo
- Raden Hindromartono
- AR Baswedan
- Raden Mas Sartono
- Raden Panji Singgih
- Raden Syamsudin
- Raden Suwandi
- Raden Sastromulyono
- John Latuharhary
- Raden Ayu Maria Ulfah Santoso
- Raden Nganten Siti Sukaptinah Sunaryo Mangunpuspito
- Oey Tiang Tjoei
- Oey Tjong Hauw
- Prince Hario Purubojo’s Headband
- PF Dahler
- Parada Harahap
- Prince Ario Husein Jayadiningrat
- Raden Jenal Asikin Wijaya Kusuma
- Raden Abdul Kadir
- Raden Abdulrahim Pratalykrama
- Raden Abikusno Cokrosuyoso
- RAA Purbonegoro Sumitro Kolopaking
- Raden Adipati Wiranatakoesoema V
- Raden Mas Margono Joyohadikusumo
- RMTA Suryo
- R Otto Iskandardinata
- Raden Panji Suroso
- Raden Ruslan Wongsokusumo
- Raden Sudirman
- Raden Sukarjo Wiryopranoto
- Raden Buntaran Martoatmojo
- Bendoro Prince Hario Bintoro
- KRT Rajiman Wedyodiningrat
- Tan Eng Hoa
- Itibangase Yosio
- Matuura Mitukiyo
- Miyano Syoozoo
- Tanaka Minoru
- Tokonami Tokuzi
- Itagaki Masumitu
- Masuda Toyohiko
- Teitiroo’s idea
At the second BPUPKI session, the Japanese government added six members from Indonesia, namely:
- Abdul Kaffar
- BKPA Suryohamijoyo
- KH Abdul Fatah Hasan
- Raden Asikin Natanegara
- Big Mas Martokusumo
- Prince Mohammad Nur
So that’s the task and goal of BPUPKI, complete with the member figures involved. Let’s appreciate the history of our heroes!