Two Verses of the Qur’an About the Caliph is not an Order to Establish a Khilafah

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ACCURATE.CO Al-Qur’an is the book of Allah which contains all the problems faced by humans. His position as a guide (hudan) for them to carry out life activities while in the world.

One of the issues discussed in the Qur’an is about leadership. Because a group or even a country if there is no leadership it will cause chaos.

But in the context of leadership, some people claim that the Qur’an only commands the establishment of a leadership in the form of an Islamic caliphate state, such as ISIS, Hizb ut-Tahrir, Jamaah Anshor ad-Daulah, and so on.

Two verses of the Qur’an that are often justified as orders to establish an Islamic state are QS. Al-Baqarah verse 30 and QS. Shad verse 26, both of which discuss the issue of the leader (Khalifah).

Let’s look at how this verse actually talks about leadership issues.

QS. Al-Baqarah Verse 30

اِذْ الَ لِلْمَلٰۤىِٕكَةِ انِّيْ اعِلٌ الْاَرْضِ لِيْفَةً قَالُوْٓا اَتَجْعَلُ ا ا الدِّمَاۤءَۚ لَكَ الَ اِنِّيْٓ لَ لَ

Meaning: “And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels, “I want to make a caliph on earth.” They said, “Are you going to make people who spoil and shed blood there, while we glorify you and sanctify your name?” He said, “Truly, I know what you do not know.”

It is clear that this verse tells about Adam’s responsibility as a leader on earth. Human leadership on earth is required to provide prosperity and not create chaos.

Imam Al-Qurtubi in Tafsir Al-Qurtubi mentions, the verse above is related to the necessity of having a leader on earth. He is important as a guide for the activities of life there.


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