As Muslims, knowing the obligatory nature of Allah SWT can be an alternative to get to know and get closer to God. According to the scholars, Allah SWT has many obligatory attributes. However, according to the proposition, only 20 mandatory properties need to be known in general. Well, here are 20 attributes of Allah SWT that you need to know.
The first mandatory attribute of Allah SWT is ‘Manifest’ which means ‘to exist’. God is a substance that must exist. The proof that Allah SWT exists is the creation of the universe and everything in it.
“It is Allah Who created the heavens and the earth and what is between them in six days, then he resides on the ‘Throne. There is none for you but Him a helper and not (also) an intercessor 1190. Then you do not pay attention?” (Surat As-Sajadah: 4).
Qidam means earlier or earlier. That is, there is no predecessor or initiator other than Allah SWT. “He is the First and the Last, the Outward and the Inward, and He is All-Knowing of all things.” (Surat al-Hadid: 3).
The next mandatory attribute of Allah is ‘Baqa” which means eternal. Allah will not become extinct and perish or die and there is no end to Him. “Everything will perish, except Allah. To Him is all determination, and to Him you will be returned.” (Surat al-Qasas: 88).
Mukholafatul Lilhawaditsi (Different from His Creation)
Allah SWT is not the same as the various creatures He created. “There is none like Him and He is the All-Hearing and All-Seeing.” (Surah Ash-Shura: 11).
Qiyamuhu Binafsihi (Standing Alone)
Qiyamuhu Binafsihi becomes the next mandatory attribute of Allah. Having the meaning of ‘standing alone’, in fact Allah SWT stands alone, does not depend on anyone and does not need help because Allah SWT is the creator.
That is, Allah is the only god who created the universe. As explained in the Qur’an: “If in the heavens and on earth there were gods besides Allah, both of them would surely perish.” (Surat al-Anbiya: 22).
As creator, Allah is Almighty over all things and nothing can match His power. As stated in the Qur’an: “Verily Allah has power over all things.” (Surat al-Baqarah: 20).
Allah is All-Powerful over all things. Therefore, any event must happen by the will of Allah SWT. The explanation in the Qur’an is: “Indeed, when He wills something, it is only to say to it: ‘Be!’, then it happens.” (Surah Yasiin: 82).
Allah (SWT) is All-Knowing of everything, both visible and invisible. It is written in the word: “And verily We have created man and know what his heart whispers, and We are nearer to him than his jugular vein.” (Surat Qaf: 16).
Allah is Alive, will never perish or perish. He lasts forever. “And fear the living (eternal) Allah who does not die, and glorify Him by praising Him.” (Surat al-Furqon: 58).
Allah hears what His servant says, nothing will be missed by Him. “And Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.” (Surat al-Maidah: 76).
Everything in this world does not escape the sight of Allah SWT because His vision has no limits. He can see anything, anytime, anywhere more than humans think. “And Allah looks at what you do.” (Surat al-Hujurat: 18).
Through His words, Allah SWT gave the task to the prophets and apostles to spread His Qalam as a guide for mankind. “And when Moses came to (munajat with us) at the time we had determined and God had spoken (directly) to him.” (Surat al-A’raf: 143).
Qadiran means power. “Almost the lightning struck their sight. Whenever the light shone on them, they walked under it, and when darkness fell on them they stopped. If Allah willed, He would have destroyed their hearing and sight. Verily Allah has power over all things.” (Surat al-Baqarah: 20)
When Allah has predestined something, then no one can resist His will. “They will abide in it as long as the heavens and the earth exist, unless your Lord wills (another). Verily, your Lord is the Executor of what He wills.” (Surah Hud: 107).
Allah is aware of all things. There is nothing to hide, not even the size of dust, whether good or bad. “And Allah is All-Knowing of things…” (Surah An-Nisa: 176).
Allah SWT is always alive and can watch over His servants because they never sleep. “And put your trust in the Living God, who does not die, and glorify Him by praising Him. And it is sufficient that He is All-Knowing of the sins of His servants.” (Surat al-Furqon: 58).
Sami’an which means to hear. Nothing is missed by Allah and nothing is beyond His hearing. Even the gurgling of the wind to the swish in a person’s heart, Allah SWT knows it.
Bashiran also means to see. Allah always sees and watches over His servants. Therefore, Muslims should always do good and feel themselves always cared for by Allah.
Mutakalliman (Speaking or Saying)
Mutakalliman also means to speak. Allah spoke through the holy books that were revealed and conveyed by the prophets and apostles. Everything that comes from the merciful One is true and all human beings must submit to his commands.