1NEWS – The Ministry of Health together with GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) Indonesia, a global health company, again emphasized the importance of immunization to prevent various dangerous diseases in the commemoration of World Immunization Week (PID), Monday, April 18 2022.
Through the theme “Long Life for All – keep the family healthy, pass the pandemic with complete immunization”, the Ministry of Health and GSK Indonesia invites all levels of society to continue to regularly immunize children even though we are still in a pandemic situation.
In the last two years, since the world was affected by the pandemic, the implementation of immunization services has been quite challenging. Globally, in 2020 WHO released there were 23 million children under the age of one year who did not receive basic immunization. This is the highest figure since 2009 .
In Indonesia, the Ministry of Health and UNICEF reported that 84% of child immunization health care facilities in Indonesia were affected by COVID-19. As a result, the achievement of complete basic immunization has only reached 58.4% of the target of 79.1% as of October 2021.
Plt. Director of Immunization Management of the Ministry of Health, dr. Prima Yosephine MKM said that in responding to this challenge the Government had issued and disseminated the Decree of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia concerning Technical Guidelines to regulate the implementation of routine immunization services during the COVID-19 pandemic and to accelerate immunization for children whose status was not complete.
“In addition to being vigilant about the COVID-19 virus that is continuously maintained, immunization services for children must still be provided to avoid the risk of Extraordinary Events (KLB) caused by diseases that can be prevented by immunization,” said dr. Prima in the PID commemoration event, Monday (18/04).
(KiKa): Senior Medical Affairs Manager GSK dr. Johan Wijoyo, Vaccine Medical Director GSK Indonesia dr. Deliana Permatasari, Director of Health Promotion and Community Empowerment, Ministry of Health dr. Imran Agus Nurali, Sp.KO, Plt. Director of Immunization Management Ministry of Health dr. Prima Yosephine, MKM, Prof. DR. Dr. Hartono Gunardi, Sp. A(K), Business Unit Director of Vaccine GSK Indonesia Farida Malawi and Staff of Routine Immunization Substances of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia dr. Tri Setyanti, M. Epid
Potential outbreaks of outbreaks can occur considering that diseases that can be prevented by immunization (PD3I) such as diphtheria can be contagious. Diphtheria is a bacterium that attacks the respiratory tract on the mucous membranes of the nose and throat which makes it difficult for children to breathe.
In November and December 2021, it was reported that three regencies in South Sulawesi, Bulukumba Regency, Sidenreng Rappang Regency, and Barru Regency experienced outbreaks of diphtheria and measles.
Pediatrician, Prof. DR. dr. Hartono Gunardi, Sp.A(K) said “to avoid the occurrence and spread of cases of Extraordinary Events (KLB), it is important for parents to immediately complete and catch up on immunizations for children who are left behind without having to repeat the immunization schedule from the beginning,” he said.
The role of immunization has proven to be effective in increasing the body’s immunity so that it can prevent various diseases. Every year immunization has helped prevent the death of 2 to 3 million children in Indonesia. The more complete the immunizations given to children, the better the protection of children’s health and of course will also have an impact on the quality of life of children in the future.
Furthermore, it is important for children to get immunizations according to the immunization schedule of the Ministry of Health, namely hepatitis B, BCG, DTP, Hib, Polio, Measles, Rubella. In addition, parents can also refer to the immunization schedule recommended by the Indonesian Pediatrician Association (IDAI).
In detail, IDAI recommends that children aged 0-12 need to be immunized against Hepatitis B, Polio, BCG, DTP, Hib, PCV, Rotavirus, Influenza, MR, JE, and Hepatitis A vaccines. At the age of 1-2 years, children need to be vaccinated MMR, Varicella, DTP-Hib-Hepatitis B repeat vaccine. At the age of 24 months, the child should receive the Typhoid vaccine. Starting from the age of 9 years, children are also recommended to get HPV and Dengue vaccines.
Most of these vaccines have been included in the national immunization program so that people can access them for free through health facilities such as Puskesmas and Posyandu. In mid-2022, the Ministry of Health will also add a PCV vaccine to prevent pneumonia and Rotavirus to prevent diarrhea. This is an effort made by the Government in providing access to complete basic immunization for all Indonesian children.
Director of Health Promotion and Community Empowerment of the Ministry of Health, dr. Imran Agus Nurali, Sp.KO said “Through the commemoration of World Immunization Week every weekend at the end of April, we invite all parties across sectors, the private sector, academics, community organizations, and the media to be able to become drivers and contribute to the implementation of quality immunization and achieve high quality immunization. high and even immunization coverage so that the highest degree of public health can be realized.”
Editor Tubagus Guritno