Causes, characteristics, and how to overcome them

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milk blister

Breastfeeding is not as easy as most people think. On average, almost all mothers have experienced problems during the breastfeeding process, one of which is milk blister on the breast of a nursing mother.

Milk blister aka white spots on the nipples can make breastfeeding uncomfortable, even the breastfeeding process of your little one is hampered. Therefore, this condition should not be left for too long, and it is necessary to get treatment so that it does not affect the mother’s milk production.

To find out what it is milk blisters, the causes, characteristics and how to overcome them, see the complete information below, Mother!

What’s that Milk Blisters?

Quote from WebMD, milk blister These are small spots that appear on the nipples or in the areola area. These sores that look like blisters appear when the baby doesn’t latch on to the breast properly while breastfeeding. So that the process of releasing breast milk is not perfect, and makes it clogged. The blockage makes it difficult for milk to come out, and blocks the flow near the nipple opening. Too much milk production, and not being expelled properly, either while breastfeeding or when pumping milk, can cause the flow to become blocked.

This condition causes an infection that can lead to mastitis.

The white spots look shiny and smooth. The size is small, but can spread to the areola area of ​​the breast. This condition is also different from chafing caused by friction while breastfeeding or after using a breast pump.

Related article: Kegel Exercises: Explanation, Benefits, and How to Do It

Characteristic features Milk Blister

These bubbles or blisters usually look like small white or yellow spots about the size of a pin in the nipple and areola area. In addition to shape and color, there are several other characteristics that indicate a person is experiencing milk blisterthat is:

1. The skin around the wound is red

You may notice a reddish color around the small white or yellow spots. In fact, sometimes it looks like a small pimple. In more severe cases, the skin around milk blister can also be inflamed.

2. Blisters are smaller than blisters due to irritation

Milk blister not the same as sores on the nipples caused by irritation or from a breast pump. Types of blisters milk blister They are usually smaller than blisters from irritation, and will cause pain when breastfeeding.

3. Causes Burning

Sightings milk blister Also different from thrush, this yeast infection that forms on the nipples can cause severe burning and pain while breastfeeding. Meanwhile, thrush usually requires a prescription for antifungal drugs for both mother and baby.

Reason Milk Blister

cause of milk blister

Milk blister usually occurs due to improper latch on during breastfeeding. In addition, the baby’s sucking may be too shallow, causing excessive pressure on one point of the breast. In addition, breastfeeding in the wrong position can also cause an improper latch. Until finally the breastfeeding process is not optimal.

Scratches on the milk blister It is also caused by skin growing over the milk ducts. A small amount of breast milk usually accumulates behind the protruding skin, making it look like a blister from friction. The causes of the blisters themselves can vary and include:

  • Incorrect baby latch, tongue, or sucking problems
  • Excessive milk production
  • Excessive pressure on certain areas of the breast
  • Fungal infection that usually causes multiple blisters

Related article: Is Breastfeeding While Lying Safe? Check the explanation here, Mother!

How to Prevent Milk Blister

Luckily, there are many ways to prevent milk blister before his condition worsened. Or even you can prevent it before it happens. You can do the following ways:

1. Keep Nipples Moisturized

Mothers can apply olive oil, or breast cream after breastfeeding your little one. Using olive oil or breast cream also relaxes the breasts.

2. Avoid Wearing Tight Bras

Not only can they cause problems with milk production, they can also cause milk blister and mastitis. Tight bras, or those made of synthetic materials, can irritate the nipples. Some sleepwear or breast pads can also prevent it.

3. Consumption of Supplements Containing Lecithin

Lecithin is a natural substance that increases the polyunsaturated fatty acids in milk and reduces its stickiness. This supplement can help prevent milk production from clogging the milk ducts.

4. Practice the Right Breastfeeding Technique

If you notice that your nipple is tilted like the tip of a new lipstick, your baby’s latch is too shallow. Chances are you will feel pain due to the shallow latch and milk production may be impaired.

Some positions can cause more friction and pressure on the nipple or other areas of the breast. Try holding or placing your baby on your side or front to minimize pressure. If you are still having trouble, consult a lactation doctor.

5. Eat a Balanced Food

This is important for successful breastfeeding and postpartum recovery. Avoid eating too much sugar, caffeine, and saturated fat and drink plenty of fluids.

6. Clean the Nipples After Breastfeeding

Wipe the nipple with a damp cloth to remove milk from the breast and prevent clogged pores.

7. Talk to a Lactation Consultant

It may be necessary to contact a professional if the baby does not seem to be able to attach the nipple properly. Hospitals and other organizations provide breastfeeding advice.

8. Stay Hydrated

Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water a day to encourage milk flow and prevent dehydration.

9. Overcoming Excess Breast Milk Production

Overproduction of milk occurs when a baby is not suckling effectively, or when a mother changes sides before the first breast is emptied. Regular pumping often also causes excess milk production. A lactation consultant can help with milk supply problems.

How to Treat Milk Blister

13 Ways to Overcome Milk Blisters, White Spots on Breasts of Breastfeeding Mothers

Milk blister can be treated in several natural ways before actually consulting a lactation doctor. Here’s what you should do when you’re experiencing milk blister.

1. Salt Solution

To remove the blockage, compress the nipple in a solution of salt and warm water. Mix 2 teaspoons of Epsom salt in a cup of hot water and let it cool slightly. Finally, soak or compress the nipple three or four times a day until the duct is no longer blocked.

2. Nipple Massage

Gently massage the nipple to release the blockage. Also, try applying pressure behind the nipple. This treatment is best done after a bath, or a salt bath, as the skin will be very soft. Don’t put too much pressure on the nipple to cause pain.

3. Warm Compress

Use a warm compress on the nipple before feeding. Soak a cloth in warm water and wring it out. Then, compress the nipple for 15 minutes. Gently pat skin dry before feeding.

4. Use Olive Oil

Keep nipples soft and moisturized all day long with olive oil. Place an oil-soaked cotton swab inside the bra so that it covers the nipples.

Clean the nipples gently before feeding. Change the cotton twice a day.

5. Applying breast milk over the nipples

Breast milk has antimicrobial properties, which is why breastfeeding is an effective way to boost a baby’s immune system. Some people claim this property stops milk blister so as not to get infected.

There’s no scientific evidence for this, but it doesn’t hurt to rub breast milk over the nipples to see if it can actually reduce discomfort.

6. Breastfeeding Often

More regular feedings can stimulate the flow of milk through the milk ducts. Movement of the baby’s jaw and mouth is the most effective way to encourage this type of movement.

Keep the baby in the correct position while feeding to relieve milk blisters. Place the baby’s chin and mouth just above the blister so that the baby can suck as hard as possible around the area. Breastfeeding more often can remove and prevent blockages.

13 Ways to Overcome Milk Blisters, White Spots on Breasts of Breastfeeding Mothers

7. Breast Pump

The milk in the clogged pores requires more sucks to be sucked out. It may be necessary to use a pump to remove condensed milk from the duct if milk blister persist after using the above treatment.

Use the pump gradually and slowly increase the power of the pump until the hardened milk comes out.

8. Applying Ointment

Soothing ointments for sore nipples can be purchased online or in stores. Ointments containing chamomile or calendula may be an option for you. In addition, its function can also keep the nipple area moist and reduce itching and pain. Usually the content of breast cream is safe to use while breastfeeding.

9. Lecithin Supplements

Lecithin is a naturally occurring substance that is added to many foods as an emulsifier. Some people believe that lecithin can prevent clogged ducts by increasing the polyunsaturated fatty acid content of breast milk and reducing milk “stickiness”. Many lecithin supplements are available online.

Lecithin is recognized as safe by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), but there are no scientific studies on its efficacy in treating milk blisters.

10. Dietary Changes

Eating a healthy and balanced diet can boost your immune system and help fight some of the yeast infections that cause breast blisters. Apart from eating more fruits and vegetables, nursing mothers should also continue to take a prenatal multivitamin during the postpartum period.

It’s important to discuss the use of supplements during breastfeeding with your doctor.

11. Pain Relief

It can be helpful to apply an ice pack to reduce swelling and discomfort if the milk blister is causing significant pain between feedings.

Some over-the-counter pain relievers are also suitable for women who are breastfeeding if taken as directed. For example, ibuprofen is safe for breastfeeding mothers who do not suffer from stomach ulcers or asthma. Take ibuprofen for as long as needed and never exceed the recommended dose.

12. Sterile Needles

A doctor can clear the blockage from the canal using a sterile needle if other home remedies don’t relieve it milk blister.

Do not try this treatment at home, as it can increase the risk of infection and mastitis.

The ducts can fill again if milk builds up in the area, so it’s important to address the underlying cause.

13. Prescription Drugs

Milk blister Those caused by thrush or a bacterial infection may require treatment. A doctor may prescribe antifungal treatment for thrush for both mother and baby.

When to Go to the Doctor?

Milk blister usually get better with the above home remedies. If it doesn’t heal, you are advised to see a doctor, especially if the wound is very painful, interferes with breastfeeding, or shows signs of infection.

Signs of infection to look out for include fever, chills, body aches, fatigue, breast tenderness, warm breasts, or swelling.

You should also tell your doctor if you want to use supplements or over-the-counter medications. People should always consult a doctor before taking supplements, because even medications that are available without a prescription may not be safe for everyone to take.

Hopefully this information is useful, Mom!


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