Every child has the right to high-quality medical care. As a parent, it is your duty to give your child the best possible care to ensure that your child has optimal health.
One way that parents can do to ensure the health of their children is to know what diseases are most susceptible to attacking children. Thus, parents can establish a plan to prevent the condition and anticipatory steps if the child is exposed to the condition.
Also read: How to Prevent Transmission of Adenovirus, the Cause of Mysterious Acute Hepatitis in Children
Diseases That Affect Many Children
This time, we will discuss what diseases a lot of children attack.
1. Sore throat
Sore throat is a common condition in children and causes great discomfort. Sore throats can have different causes and require different treatments.
If the sore throat is caused by a virus, then the child does not need to be treated with antibiotics. In fact, it is not uncommon for sore throats to heal within a few days without treatment.
In other cases, a sore throat can be caused by a bacterial infection called streptococcus. To diagnose a sore throat caused by streptococci, the doctor will refer the patient for laboratory tests. If the test results show a sore throat caused by streptococci, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics.
Also read: Signs that your child needs to be taken by a doctor when you have fever, diarrhea, and a cold cough!
The common cold is caused by a viral infection in the upper respiratory tract. Many young children, especially those in daycare, can experience 6 to 8 colds per year.
Cold symptoms include a runny nose, stuffy nose, and cough, which can last up to ten days. Colds do not require antibiotics for treatment. However, if a sinus infection is suspected, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics if necessary.
Coughs are most often caused by viruses and are usually not treated with antibiotics. In addition, it is not recommended to give cough medicine to children aged 4 years and under, unless advised by a doctor.
Research has consistently shown that cough medicine does not work effectively in children under 4 years of age, and has the potential for serious side effects. For this reason, it is better for parents to take their child to the doctor when he coughs and not give medicine, except on doctor’s advice.
Also read: What’s the Difference Between Influenza and the Common Cold?
In recent years, child mortality due to diarrhea has decreased significantly. However, diarrhea is still the cause of death of children due to disease, especially in certain environments.
UNICEF reported that the majority of deaths from diarrhea occurred in children under 2 years of age living in South Asia or sub-Saharan Africa. The good news is that children can be saved from the risk of dying from diarrhea with simple, effective interventions, such as oral rehydration salts and zinc. In fact, about 70 to 90 percent of deaths from acute watery diarrhea can be prevented with oral rehydration salts.
Also read: Have Diarrhea, Your Little One Is Allergic Or Has Functional Digestive Disorders?
Malaria is one of the deadliest diseases for children worldwide. To eradicate malaria from the face of the earth, increased global investment is needed, particularly in research and development. However, as individuals, we can prevent malaria in ourselves and our children by installing insecticide-treated mosquito nets. In addition, early treatment is also very important for curing malaria.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease with widely known prevention and treatment. However, there are still many cases of people dying from TB every day. In fact, most of these deaths occur in children under the age of 5 years.
While adults already understand very well how to prevent, diagnose, and treat TB, children still need the help of adults to keep them away from the risk of getting TB. One of the prevention of TB in children is the BCG vaccine. TB can also be prevented in children by diagnosing and treating cases of active TB in adults.
Teaching children to adopt a healthy lifestyle and maintain hygiene is the best way to prevent children from any health problems. Also, if you have any questions or concerns about your child’s health, don’t hesitate to discuss it with your pediatrician.
Also read: Cough due to bronchitis, recognize the causes and symptoms