Amniotic fluid color is a sign of fetal condition, when should you be alert?

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During pregnancy, the baby in the womb is covered in a fluid called amniotic fluid. The vital role of this fluid makes Parents must know the meaning of the color of the amniotic fluid and what signs to watch out for.

Citing the Verywell Family page, amniotic fluid is stored in a bag, the amniotic sac. Amniotic fluid consists of water, electrolytes, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, minerals, urea, and fetal cells.

Interestingly, the composition is also influenced by the nutrients consumed by the mother and the presence of toxic substances that can attack at any time.

How important is amniotic fluid?

Getting to know the color of the amniotic fluid

When pregnant, the amniotic fluid will protect the baby until he is born. Not only as a mere protector, medical research is starting to show that amniotic fluid plays an important role in fetal growth and development.

For information, the mother’s placenta begins to produce amniotic fluid on the 12th day of pregnancy. Entering the age of 8 weeks, the baby’s kidneys begin to produce urine. This urine is partly responsible for the subsequent percentage of amniotic fluid.

While in the womb, the fetus swallows and inhales amniotic fluid and expels it again. The volume of this fluid will increase until the gestational age enters 34 weeks. At that time, there were 800 ml (27 ounces).

As the pregnancy progresses, the amniotic fluid continues to shrink until it ruptures before delivery. In addition to protecting, the amniotic sac provides space for the baby to move and develop.

This fluid also protects the baby from any pressure or impact, fills the lungs as long as the baby breathes, protects the baby from infection, and ensures the ideal temperature conditions for the baby.

Related article: Know the 5 Functions of the Placenta that are Crucial to the Fetus and the Problems to Watch Out for

Getting to know the color of the amniotic fluid

Getting to know the color of the amniotic fluid

Members of the body actually show certain symptoms when something goes wrong, including amniotic fluid. In this case, the color of the amniotic fluid can be a sign of whether the fetus is in normal condition or not.

Ideally, the amniotic fluid should be clear yellowish in color. However, there are also mothers whose amniotic fluid is a little dark and even resembles blood. Here are the colors and their meanings that you should know:

  • Clear and yellowish. This is the normal color of the amniotic fluid for pregnant women
  • Orange yellow. This color indicates an incompatibility between the mother and baby’s blood
  • Chocolate. The color of the amniotic fluid is mixed with blood which you should watch out for because there may be bleeding in the uterus.
  • Dark green. This color can appear due to amniotic fluid mixed with the baby’s first stool or meconium. If left unchecked, this can lead to respiratory complications when the baby is born
  • Dark red-brown be a dangerous signal, one of which is fetal death

For mothers who notice the color of the amniotic fluid is dark green and cloudy, you should start seeing a doctor, because if left for a long time the baby’s nails and skin can turn yellow later.

Related article: Is it true that the female fetus has a higher heart rate? This is the Fact!

Symptoms of ruptured amniotic fluid

Getting to know the color of the amniotic fluid

Actually ruptured membranes can happen to pregnant women at any time and it is normal. The hallmark of a normal rupture of membranes is that the discharge is odorless, clear in color, or may be mixed with a little blood.

Every pregnant woman will feel a different signal if the membranes accidentally break, some are dripping slowly and some are coming out of the vagina profusely. In addition, ruptured membranes are a sign that the mother will soon give birth.

Citing the Mayo Clinic, be aware if the rupture of the amniotic fluid is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Amniotic fluid is yellowish or greenish because this is a sign that there has been mixing of amniotic fluid with meconium (fetal’s first stool)
  • Broken amniotic fluid with fever
  • Broken amniotic fluid with fetal distress
  • Foul-smelling amniotic fluid indicates an infection in the womb
  • If the amniotic fluid is darker, it can be a sign that the fetus has died in the womb
  • Broken water before 37 weeks of pregnancy (premature rupture of membranes)

If the membranes rupture before there are signs of labor, immediately take pads to clean the seepage of the fluid. Pay attention to what color and how much, then immediately go to the hospital to get the necessary treatment.

Related article: Pregnant Women Must Beware of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome, When Amniotic Water Mixes with Baby’s Feces

Amniotic fluid color is a sign of fetal condition, when should you be alert?

Not all pregnant women experience ruptured amniotic fluid, but the risk will increase for pregnant women with the following conditions:

  • Have you ever had a medical procedure or cervical surgery?
  • Twin fetus pregnancy
  • Mothers who have given birth to premature babies
  • Suffering from infections such as sexually transmitted infections and urinary tract infections
  • Have a uterine deformity or a short cervix
  • Vaginal bleeding in the second and third trimesters.

In addition to the factors above, pregnant women are at high risk of leaking or ruptured amniotic fluid if they have an unhealthy lifestyle, such as consuming alcoholic beverages, smoking, rarely eating nutritious foods, and lack of exercise.

For this reason, mothers still have to be careful because the amniotic fluid ruptures prematurely and in large quantities can cause miscarriage, birth defects in babies, premature birth, and even infant death.

Not only that, loss of amniotic fluid in large quantities can cause difficulties in the delivery process. The umbilical cord is very likely to be pinched and wrapped around the baby’s neck so that the oxygen supply for the fetus is reduced.


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